Tanzania in East Africa has a population of some 50 million people.It has a diverse mixture of ethnic and religious groups. Muslims and Christians make up around 35% each, with the rest following traditional African religions. However the island of Zanzibar and its surrounding islands and the nearby coastal regions is about 96% Muslim and practices Sharia Law.
Many Muslims, through hard work and dedication, have worked their way into positions of authority throughout the country, and are now able to exert a disproportionate influence on the Christian population as a whole.
During the last few years, militant Islamists have been pushing for Sharia Law to be made compulsory in the whole country, so far resisted by the President.
In common with many parts of the world this has also triggered an increase in violent attacks on non-Muslim groups, especially against Christians.
As in other countries, a rise in militant groups such as Uamsho and Al-Shabaab has led to more targeted violent persecution of non-Muslims with the demolition of churches and attacks on Christian houses, shops and property. There has also been attacks on church pastors and congregations. Intimidation is also becoming more prevalent.
In spite of this, there are still many places where Christians and Muslims live peaceably together, and the church is growing.