Although the government of Kenya is a secular government, some 80% of the population is Christian, and 10% Muslim. The militant Islamist group al-Shabaab, based in Somalia, wants to set up an Islamic state in part of Somalia and also to include parts of the neighbouring countries over its borders, including Kenya. This is against the remit of the African Union Force, which Kenya joined in 2011, trying to bring peace to Somalia. As a result, al-Shebaab have been carrying out frequent raids across the border into northern Kenya, killing anyone they find who is a Christian. They particularly target students, pastors and church workers, and destroy church buildings and Christian businesses if they can.
In other parts of the country widespread corruption and crime pose a threat to believers.
In Muslim majority areas Christians are denied burial spaces, Islamic sharia courts are allowed to try civil cases, and vigilante groups roam these areas.
There is also increasing opposition from traditional African religions, especially on the treatment of young girls.
In 2016, government proposals for much greater control and bureaucratic documentation of Kenyan churches was thankfully withdrawn after wide scale protests and lobbying of MPs.